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Shelter and Struggle: Discussing Homelessness in New York State

Homelessness is a significant and growing problem in New York State, impacting countless lives and posing complex challenges to policymakers and communities alike. This issue is not confined to urban centers like New York City but extends into rural areas, though it is less visible there. As of 2023, there were approximately 90,578 homeless individuals in New York State, which includes those sleeping in the state’s main municipal shelter system and those without shelter.

The situation is particularly acute in New York City’s municipal shelter system, where, in 2023, 92,879 people, including 33,399 children, were recorded as homeless on any given night. This highlights a significant portion of the state's homeless population residing in New York City, where demographic disparities are stark. Black and Hispanic/Latinx New Yorkers are disproportionately affected, making up a substantial percentage of the homeless population.


In Monroe County, home to Rochester, the challenges of homelessness reflect the broader state trends. The county has seen an increase in both sheltered and unsheltered homeless populations, pointing to a growing crisis that mirrors the economic and demographic patterns seen statewide. The economic factors contributing to this crisis in Monroe County and across New York State are deeply troubling.

The gap between rent and wage growth has significantly widened in recent years. For instance, in 2021, rent growth outpaced wage growth by 23%, a trend that has continued. By 2023, amid rising rents, 56% of market-rate tenants in Monroe County reported facing rent hikes, underscoring the widening gap between wages and housing costs.

State laws and policies have indirectly contributed to the rise in homelessness or hindered the resolution of the crisis. Strict zoning laws across many parts of New York State, including Monroe County, limit the development of multi-family homes and affordable housing units, driving up rental prices and contributing to higher rates of homelessness.

Explore the complexities of Homelessness

Rent control policies, while intended to keep housing affordable, sometimes discourage landlords from maintaining properties or investing in new rental units, which reduces the quality and availability of affordable housing. Furthermore, once a tenant secures a rent-controlled apartment, they may not move, even if their housing needs change, leading to mismatches between tenants and units.

Community organizations like Hope Dealers BTC in Monroe County are actively combating these challenges by focusing on addiction support and recovery. They provide essential services such as distributing Narcan kits, conducting clean-ups, and offering outreach programs to help those in need, including distributing food, hygiene items, clothing, and harm reduction materials. Their efforts are crucial in supporting the homeless and those struggling with addiction.

The lack of sufficient state funding for mental health and addiction services is another critical issue, as these are vital for addressing the needs of a substantial segment of the homeless population. Moreover, the structure of welfare benefits, which includes thresholds for eligibility and the level of support provided, often does not align with the cost of living, particularly in high-cost areas like Monroe County, leaving individuals and families without enough support to secure stable housing.

Addressing the homelessness crisis in New York State requires innovative solutions and policy revisions. Amending zoning laws to allow for more multi-family dwellings and reducing barriers to building affordable housing could increase the housing stock and make it more accessible to lower-income residents.


Modernizing rent control policies to encourage landlords to maintain and invest in their properties, while still protecting tenants from unreasonable rent increases, could improve the quality of available housing. Additionally, boosting state funding for mental health and addiction services would provide necessary support to vulnerable populations and potentially reduce chronic homelessness. Reforming welfare policies to better reflect the actual cost of living and include housing subsidies could significantly aid in preventing homelessness among the most vulnerable groups.

Hope Dealers BTC

By adjusting state laws and investing in critical services, New York can develop more effective strategies to combat homelessness, ensuring that every resident has access to safe, affordable housing. To support the mission of organizations like Hope Dealers BTC or to volunteer, visit their website at Hope Dealers BTC. Your involvement can make a profound difference in the lives of many.

Peter Vazquez for Monroe County Clerk

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